Mirror, mirror | symmetry magazine

After more than six years of grinding and polishing, the first-ever dual-surface mirror for a major telescope is complete. In March 2008, a group of people gathered around a giant, red oven in a six-story workshop space beneath the bleachers of the University of Arizona football stadium.

Mirror surface grinding characteristics and mechanism of ...

From surface observations of the CFRP with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), it was found that the mirror surface grinding of CFRP was generated by the homogenization due to carbonization of the ground surface and smearing of chips composed of the carbon fiber and carbonized epoxy resin into the ground surface.

A high quality surface finish grinding process to produce ...

16-3-2020· Surface finishing for x-ray mirrors is typically conducted through a series of abrasive processes, such as grinding and polishing, and is thus time consuming. The purpose of this study is to streamline and enhance the surface finishing process based on unique high quality grinding techniques for the production of x-ray total reflection mirrors.

Mirror grinding - scope making

A good starter size is the 150 mm (6") mirror. A 200mm (8") will also work. Most ATM books and websites recommend a Pyrex® mirror blank, but in my opinion, annealed plate glass is better for this first, "learn and practice" mirror.It is cheaper, it is softer and grinds faster, needing less abrasives and with these small sizes, the low expansion glass like Pyrex has no practical (visible at ...

Stellafane ATM: Mirror Making Overview

Mirror Grinding at the Spring 1998 Stellafane Mirror Workshop in the McGregor Observatory Rough Grinding. The purpose of rough grinding is to start to cut a spherical concave surface into the mirror blank. For a 6" mirror with a 48" focal length, the depth of the curve is 0.047".

Joy of Mirror Making: Rough Grinding - BBAstroDesigns

Rough Grinding The first milestone is putting a curve into the mirror face. The curve's depth dictates the mirror's focal length. The curve should be spherical. Creating the curve can be done by several methods: The curve is ground into the mirror face using a grinding tool. The curve is pre-generated for you.

Build your own telescope part 1: The mirror – Thomas ...

Rough grinding. This step is about making one side of the glass concave. It will give your mirror its overall focal ratio. If you make the centre deep, you will end up with a fast telescope (e.g. F/D = 4) well suited for deep sky observations. On the opposite, a shallow mirror (e.g. F/D = 8) will be performing very well on planets and the moon.

Mirror surface grinding characteristics and mechanism of ...

From surface observations of the CFRP with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), it was found that the mirror surface grinding of CFRP was generated by the homogenization due to carbonization of the ground surface and smearing of chips composed of the carbon fiber and carbonized epoxy resin into the ground surface.

Mirror surface grinding for brittle materials with in ...

Use of a diamond wheel with superabrasive is required for mirror-like surface grinding of brittle materials. However, conventional dressing methods cannot apply to the diamond wheel with superabrasive. Recently, an electrolytic dressing method was developed for use with a cast iron-bonded diamond wheel and superabrasive. This technique can replace lapping and polishing.

Stellafane ATM: Mirror Making Overview

Mirror Grinding at the Spring 1998 Stellafane Mirror Workshop in the McGregor Observatory Rough Grinding. The purpose of rough grinding is to start to cut a spherical concave surface into the mirror blank. For a 6" mirror with a 48" focal length, the depth of the curve is 0.047".

Stellafane ATM: Fine Grinding

GOAL: You have completed fine grinding when you have: Smoothed the mirror surface until it feels "buttery soft" to the touch with pits approximately 5 microns in size so that it is ready for polishing. Shaped the mirror surface to be very closely spherical, as indicated by the Pencil Test.

grinding an optical flat mirror - Reiner Vogel

Fine grinding. A flatness in the range of 1 µm can be reached by grinding three glass blanks alternatingly against each other, blank 1 on 2, 2 on 3, 3 on 1, and so on. This will be continued with each Carbo grade. After fine grinding, one of the blanks is picked as the future flat mirror and will be polished.

ELID grinding of SiC ultra lightweight mirror

2. ELID GRINDING METHOD. The ELID grinding method that produces high surface quality was proposed by one of the authors [] [].Fig. 1 shows that the ELID grinding system consists of a metal bonded diamond abrasive grinding wheel, electrode, electrolytic power supply and coolant. The grinding wheel serves as a positive pole through smooth contact of a brush, and the electrode serves …

Mirror-o-Matic mirror making machine - ATM pages of ...

Mirror-O-Matic grinding machine. When I decided in 2009 after a ten-year break to get into mirror making again, it quickly became clear to me that I would need to construct machine, as hand grinding big mirrors is not something very beneficial for the hands of a musician.

Mirror surface grinding characteristics and mechanism of ...

From surface observations of the CFRP with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), it was found that the mirror surface grinding of CFRP was generated by the homogenization due to carbonization of the ground surface and smearing of chips composed of the carbon fiber and carbonized epoxy resin into the ground surface.

Mirror surface grinding for brittle materials with in ...

Use of a diamond wheel with superabrasive is required for mirror-like surface grinding of brittle materials. However, conventional dressing methods cannot apply to the diamond wheel with superabrasive. Recently, an electrolytic dressing method was developed for use with a cast iron-bonded diamond wheel and superabrasive. This technique can replace lapping and polishing.

ELID grinding of SiC ultra lightweight mirror

2. ELID GRINDING METHOD. The ELID grinding method that produces high surface quality was proposed by one of the authors [] [].Fig. 1 shows that the ELID grinding system consists of a metal bonded diamond abrasive grinding wheel, electrode, electrolytic power supply and coolant. The grinding wheel serves as a positive pole through smooth contact of a brush, and the electrode serves …

Stellafane ATM: Fine Grinding

GOAL: You have completed fine grinding when you have: Smoothed the mirror surface until it feels "buttery soft" to the touch with pits approximately 5 microns in size so that it is ready for polishing. Shaped the mirror surface to be very closely spherical, as indicated by the Pencil Test.

A high quality surface finish grinding process to produce ...

A high quality surface finish grinding process to produce total reflection mirror for x-ray fluorescence analysis Hitoshi Ohmori1, Shinjiro Umezu1,2, Yunji Kim1, Yoshihiro Uehara1, Hiroshi Kasuga1, Teruko Kato1, Nobuhide Itoh1,3, Syuhei Kurokawa4, Takayuki Kusumi5, Yugo Sugawara6 and Shinsuke Kunimura6 1Materials Fabrication Laboratory, RIKEN, Saitama 351-0198, Japan

Internal mirror grinding with a metal/metal–resin bonded ...

1-1-2001· Mirror surface grinding of different materials by ELID II Fig. 11 shows a comparison of surface roughness for bearing steel rings ground by wheels of different grit sizes. The grinding conditions were: wheel speed 10 m/s, workpiece rotation 150 rpm, traverse speed 40 …

Mirror Finish Resinoid Wheel "Shine-G" | NORITAKE …

Enables excellent mirror surface machining through grinding. Has a high active grain count, resulting in good grinding performance and maintaining consistent surface-finishing smoothness. The cutting depth of each individual grain particle is shallow, making it unlikely to produce scratches and reducing burrs to an extreme minimum.

grinding an optical flat mirror - Reiner Vogel

Fine grinding. A flatness in the range of 1 µm can be reached by grinding three glass blanks alternatingly against each other, blank 1 on 2, 2 on 3, 3 on 1, and so on. This will be continued with each Carbo grade. After fine grinding, one of the blanks is picked as the future flat mirror and will be polished.

Grinding your own mirror - How is it possible to get ...

31-12-2016· Page 1 of 2 - Grinding your own mirror - How is it possible to get accuracy in the nm? - posted in ATM, Optics and DIY Forum: So I have read forum questions & answers on topics such as whether it is possible to use a 3D printer to design and print out a telescope mirror, or design an array of paraboloids this way for a segmented design, and the answers have been, no, the 3D printers dont …